Calah


Calah
   One of the most ancient cities of Assyria. "Out of that land he [i.e., Nimrod] went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah, and Resen" (Gen. 10:11, R.V.). Its site is now marked probably by the Nimrud ruins on the left bank of the Tigris. These cover an area of about 1,000 acres, and are second only in size and importance to the mass of ruins opposite Mosul. This city was at one time the capital of the empire, and was the residence of Sardanapalus and his successors down to the time of Sargon, who built a new capital, the modern Khorsabad. It has been conjectured that these four cities mentioned in Gen. 10:11 were afterwards all united into one and called Nineveh (q.v.).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Calah — /kay leuh/, n. Biblical name of Kalakh. * * * modern Nimrūd Ancient city, Assyria. Lying south of modern Mosul, Iraq, it was founded in the 13th century BC by Shalmaneser I. It remained unimportant until the 9th century BC, when Ashurnasirpal II… …   Universalium

  • Calah — geographical name ancient city capital of Assyria on the Tigris 20 miles (32 kilometers) SE of modern Mosul, Iraq; site now called Nimrud …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Calah — /kay leuh/, n. Biblical name of Kalakh …   Useful english dictionary

  • Assyria — • Includes geographical and historical information Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Assyria     Assyria     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mesopotamia, history of — ▪ historical region, Asia Introduction  history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world s earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a Greek word meaning “between rivers,” referring to the land between the Tigris and… …   Universalium

  • RESEN — (Heb. רֶסֶן), according to Genesis 10:12, one of the cities (?) which Nimrod built between Nineveh and Calah, the latter is the great(er) city. The verse describes the situation of the cities in the Assyrian triangle (inner Assyria) in the latter …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Resen (Genesis) — Resen was, according to Genesis 10, a city founded by Nimrod.Resen is stated, according to Genesis 10:12, to have been located between Nineveh and Calah. It was stated to be the greatest of Nimrod s cities. Its exact location is today unclear.… …   Wikipedia

  • EXILE, ASSYRIAN — The mass deportation of population groups from conquered nations, as a measure to prevent these nations from rebelling, was introduced as a general policy by Tiglath Pileser III in the second half of the eighth century B.C.E. Although deportation …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MESOPOTAMIA — The original article in the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica traced Mesopotamian history to its earliest beginnings and provided a detailed survey of Mesopotamian literature and institutions. With the availability of such tools as J.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • WRITING — (Scripts, Materials, and Inscriptions). SCRIPTS AND MATERIALS General Survey From the end of the third millennium B.C.E., the art of writing was practiced in the ancient Near East (see alphabet ). Here, the pictographic, cuneiform, and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism